What drugs are used to treat prostatitis in men

the doctor prescribes medicine for prostatitis

What is the best prostatitis medicine to take? Inflammation of the prostate gland is a rather complex disease that tends to become chronic. Therefore, for its treatment to be effective, complex therapy should include drugs, both new and time-tested, belonging to different pharmacological groups.

It is not customary to spread about this disease among men. But, nevertheless, the pathology requires immediate treatment. What drugs will be the most effective for prostatitis today?

Causes of prostatitis

Inflammation of the prostate gland affects about 20% of men of reproductive age. Moreover, some of them have a chronic form of the course of the disease. What provokes the development of this pathology?

Prostatitis is caused by a variety of pathogenic factors that affect the pelvic organs. These include:

  • violation of blood supply. Stagnation of venous blood in the prostate is often the cause of the inflammatory process. This phenomenon occurs with overweight, sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work. It also makes it difficult for the outflow of blood and lymph from the pelvic organs to change the vascular tone due to smoking and drinking alcohol;
  • bacterial infection. The causative agent can enter the male genital area both during unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner, as well as in the presence of chronic processes in the body caused by pathogenic microflora. In the latter case, the pathogen can enter the pelvic organs and the prostate gland with the bloodstream, lymph, and also along the nerve fibers;
  • frequent hypothermia of the pelvic girdle;
  • physiological or pathological changes in the general hormonal background of the body;
  • irregular or, conversely, satiated sex life;
  • weakening of immunity, as a result of which the body loses its ability to resist external or internal infection.

To restore the function of the prostate gland, it is necessary to eliminate or at least significantly weaken the effect of pathogens on the male body and create the most favorable conditions for tissue regeneration. The leading role in the normalization of processes in the male pelvic organs belongs to drug therapy.

Attention.Treatment of prostatitis will be effective only if the choice of drugs in each case is based on the etiology of the disease.

Acute and chronic prostatitis - symptoms

The manifestations of the disease depend on the course of the disease. An acute onset usually accompanies prostatitis of bacterial etiology. In this case, the patient has the following symptoms:

  • chills or fever;
  • increased fatigue;
  • there may be headaches and other signs of general intoxication;
  • soreness in the groin area radiating to the lower back;
  • frequent urination, accompanied by cutting pains and weakening of the stream;
  • pain in the rectal area during bowel emptying;
  • changes in the appearance of urine.

In the absence of timely treatment, as well as in case of non-fulfillment of all the doctor's recommendations, the disease can become chronic. The most common complaints with a prolonged course of the disease include severe pain in the perineal region, covering the ampulla of the rectum and other organs adjacent to the prostate. Men report difficulty urinating and a burning sensation that appears when using the toilet.

The general symptoms of the chronic course of the disease include increased irritability, various sleep disorders.

In practical medicine, it has been established that in about 50% of cases, chronic pathology is prone to frequent exacerbations. At the same time, seemingly cured prostatitis reminds of itself with specific symptoms.

Important.The symptoms and treatment of the disease are closely related. To cure prostatitis, medications are selected not only depending on the form of the course of the disease and the tendency to exacerbations of the pathology, but also on the severity of the symptoms.

Dosage forms

How to treat a developing disease? In order to choose the right drugs for the treatment of prostatitis, it is imperative to take into account the pharmacological form of release. With the wrong method of administration of medicines, even the most effective drugs may be ineffective.

For the treatment of inflammatory processes in the prostate gland, medications of the following forms of release are used:

  • suppositories for administration into the rectum. These medicines are cheaper than other dosage forms, but are often more effective. This is due to the proximity of the prostate to the injection site. From the rectum, the active substances from the suppositories penetrate into the surrounding tissues through the mucous membrane rich in capillary vessels and faster than other forms and have a therapeutic effect on all adjacent organs. The effect of such a medicine for prostatitis in men begins literally a few minutes after administration. A similar result is obtained when used in the treatment of microclysters. Rectal suppositories can have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, or antibacterial effects;
  • tablets, drops and capsules. In this dosage form, agents are prescribed to relieve the inflammatory process, relieve pain attacks. Also, in order to quickly cure prostatitis, drops and tablets containing immunomodulating substances are used. All these dosage forms are also good for introducing substances with antibacterial action into the body. But such medicines have an effect not only on the inflamed prostate gland, but also on the entire body. Therefore, when treated with pills and other oral medications, the patient's liver and kidneys can be damaged. Which capsules, tablets or drops will best help against prostatitis, in each case, only the doctor should decide;
  • injectable drugs. One of the most effective forms of drug administration to a diseased organ. Like tablets, they have an effect on the entire body;
  • medicine for prostatitis in men can be injected directly into the urethra by instillation. With this method of treatment, the active ingredients are delivered directly to the prostate gland. This procedure can only be carried out by the attending physician.

Important.The choice of the dosage form of drugs for drug therapy is influenced by the general condition of the patient, the presence of concomitant diseases, the severity and form of the inflammatory process. Self-prescribing medicines can be hazardous to your health.

Drugs used

Treatment of inflammatory processes in the prostate gland includes agents belonging to various pharmacological groups, each of which has its own specific effect, both on the diseased organ itself and on the entire body. The list of drugs used includes:

  • substances with antibacterial activity. These funds are used in cases when it is necessary to cure the pathology caused by the pathogenic microflora;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs. Relieving edema and other manifestations of inflammation, as well as improving the blood supply to the prostate, drugs of this group contribute to the rapid restoration of the structure and function of the prostate gland;
  • de-relieving agents included in complex treatment significantly improve the patient's quality of life until recovery;
  • alpha blockers can improve urine flow and relieve discomfort during urination;
  • treatment is also complemented by medications that have an immunomodulatory effect.

For complex treatment, drugs for prostatitis should be selected taking into account their interaction with each other. You must also take into account the presence of side effects.

For reference.The best cure for prostatitis in each case is substances that correspond to the etiology of the disease and the form of the pathology.

The rating of drugs used in the treatment of prostatitis identifies the following most popular groups of drugs.

Antibacterial agents

Effective treatment of prostatitis caused by pathogenic microorganisms is impossible without the appointment of antibiotics. For effective treatment of the disease, it is required to first conduct a laboratory test of the smear to determine the type of pathogen and its resistance to various groups of antibacterial drugs. This will allow you to choose the best remedies for each specific patient. Sometimes, in order to save time, if it is necessary to start therapy without delay, the doctor prescribes broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Which antibacterial agent will be most effective for the treatment of a particular man can be determined only after bacteriological examination.

Anti-inflammatory drugs

To relieve organ swelling and concomitant pain, drugs for the treatment of acute and chronic prostatitis in men are usually selected from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition to eliminating the symptoms of the inflammatory process, these drugs also help to relieve tone from the smooth muscles of the prostate gland, as well as relax the muscles of the perineum.

In severe cases, the doctor may prescribe hormones for the treatment of chronic prostatitis. These funds will facilitate the excretion of urine, relieve inflammation, and ease pain.

Pain relievers

Sometimes, because of strong painful sensations in the pelvic organs and the muscles of the pelvic floor, it is necessary to prescribe pain relievers. For these purposes, substances that relieve spasm are usually used. Any antispasmodic medicine that helps with the pain of prostatitis relaxes the striated skeletal muscles and smooth muscles of the vessels and internal organs, which leads to a decrease in edema. As a result, the prostate ceases to be compressed and painful attacks stop.

Antispasmodic pain relievers do not require constant intake. Drinking such drugs should only be in the presence of pain.

Alpha blockers

The inflammatory process of the prostate gland causes swelling of its tissues, which causes compression of the prostatic urethra. This leads to a violation of the outflow of urine from the bladder. The anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic drugs taken, unfortunately, cannot always restore the outflow of urine. And then α-blockers come to the rescue.

α-blockers should not be taken by patients with heart, kidney and liver diseases, low blood pressure and slow heartbeat.

The drugs of this group relax the smooth muscles of the prostate gland and the sphincter of the bladder, which allows you to completely restore the process of urination.

Additional funds

The most effective drugs may be ineffective if the body's defenses are reduced. When the inflammatory process has already begun, conventional restorative methods, including rejection of bad habits, organization of proper nutrition, feasible physical activity, may not be enough. Treatment already has to be supplemented with specific therapy. How to treat the immune system so as not to harm it?

The body's defenses should be restored under the supervision of an immunologist. The doctor prescribes an immunological examination of the blood and, on the basis of the tests obtained, individually selects immunomodulatory agents.

Preparations with natural ingredients are also popular. Active active ingredients made from the testes of cattle will have the following effects:

  • relieve inflammation;
  • relieve pain syndrome;
  • restore blood supply to the prostate;
  • accelerate regenerative processes in tissues;
  • prevent the development of complications of prostatitis.

Often men try to take folk remedies for prostatitis on their own. But the intake of medicinal herbs, dietary supplements and other alternative medicines should be coordinated with the attending physician.