Inflammation of the prostate creates a lot of discomfort for the patient, but the consequences of the disease are more dangerous - infertility, impotence, oncological neoplasms, further spread of the disease throughout the genitourinary system. Treatment of prostatitis in men drugs are prescribed by a urologist, depending on the underlying cause of the disease.
Forms of medications
Any organism is an individual and the selection of drugs is made according to the general condition of the patient, laboratory data, the stage of progression of the disease.
Most options use:
- Instillations - the introduction of drugs through the urethral canal directly to the problem areas. It is carried out in the conditions of medical institutions, exclusively by professional health workers.
- Injections - used to activate the vascular and autoimmune systems. The advantage of the method of administration is the rapid penetration of active substances into the affected areas.
- Microclysters - specialized preparations with a minimum volume. Used in rare cases - not widely used.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - suppressing the existing inflammation process.
- Rectal suppositories - they have an analgesic effect, improve metabolism.
- Tablet form - more often used antibacterial drugs, a wide range of effects. The narrowly targeted variant is used in the accurate determination of a pathogenic microorganism that has entered the body.
In the absence of a therapeutic effect, the patient is sent for additional tests, including the determination of the resistance of pathogens to individual pharmacological drugs.
Commonly prescribed medications
What to take with prostate in men, the doctor decides.
|Drug type||Impact spectrum|
|Antibacterial||Suppression of the causative agent|
|Painkillers||Removal of pain syndrome|
|Alpha blockers||They relax the smooth muscles of the urethra, normalize the excretion of urine, relieve urinary retention, relieve discomfort.|
|Muscle relaxants and antispasmodics||They relieve spasms and pain in the pelvic area, lower muscle tone, improve local blood circulation.|
|Improving blood circulation||Treatment of congestion in the pelvis|
|vitamins||Compensate for nutrient deficiencies|
|dietary supplements||They help reduce the level of inflammation, relieve swelling, improve the outflow of physiological fluids, and relieve congestion.|
Before prescribing drugs, a man needs to be tested to find out what caused the inflammation. It is important that treatment is carried out until complete recovery. This avoids recurrence, complications, the transition of prostatitis into a chronic form. Doctors carry out a complex impact on the disease.
All medications are taken after being discharged by their specialist. Self-medication is fraught with a number of complications, the transition of acute forms of the disease to chronic ones, and impaired functionality of body systems.
The modern pharmaceutical market offers a lot of highly effective drugs for the treatment of this pathology, however, before starting therapy, you should always consult with a qualified specialist.
They are prescribed for determining the infectious type of prostatitis.
Fluoroquinolones are among the most effective drugs, especially in the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis. With a positive result for Koch's bacillus (tuberculosis), these drugs are not used. Inflammation of tuberculous etiology requires the introduction of at least four anti-tuberculosis drugs, the use of a single one will cause resistance of pathogens to the active substance.
Fluoroquinolones are recommended for tuberculous prostatitis as a component of complex treatment. In the case of the appointment of this group of drugs, a significant improvement in the course of therapy and a relapse upon withdrawal, an additional check-up of the patient in a tuberculosis dispensary is necessary.
A subgroup of tetracyclines is practically not used in the modern treatment of prostatitis, due to the many side effects that adversely affect the health of patients.
A subgroup of cephalosporins is intended for intramuscular injection.
Macrolides - are prescribed less often than other medications, due to the lack of clinical confirmation of the appropriateness of their use in all forms of prostatitis. Specialists prefer to prescribe them in the treatment of certain types of bacteria - mycoplasmas, chlamydia.
An important feature of the treatment of prostatitis is the need for the accumulation of active ingredients of drugs in the tissues of the prostate gland.
The choice of an antibacterial agent is made according to this feature, and therefore doctors prefer fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, macrolides. With a therapeutic effect on acute forms of prostatitis, it is possible to simultaneously prescribe two medications to accelerate the suppression of the symptoms of the inflammatory process.
Painkillers are designed to suppress pain, especially in acute forms of the disease.
Without a full-fledged complex therapeutic effect, the use of analgesics can cause addiction to the body, in the future, the patient will need to increase the dosage of drugs.
The attending physician is engaged in the selection of medicines, he sets the duration of the intake and the amount of medicines used. As a primary care, the patient is allowed to use simple types of analgesics, but the intake should be a single dose.
This subspecies of pharmacological drugs does not treat prostatitis, but relieves the symptomatic manifestations of the disease. When taken, the smooth muscles of the urethral canal, the vestibule of the bladder, relax. Relaxing spasmodic muscles facilitates urination, reduces the level of pain.
The main spectrum of action of alpha-blockers is auxiliary, for the treatment of symptoms of acute and chronic urinary retention. The general course of treatment with this type of remedy is always long.
They are similar in principle to alpha-blockers, but affect the perineum. The increased tone of the perineum causes increased pressure on the pelvic areas, causing constant pain. Muscle relaxants stop discomfort, relax muscles affected by spasm.
Restoring blood flow
Any inflammation processes cause local disturbances in the circulatory system, leading to the appearance of congestion, disrupting the regenerative functions of tissues. To stabilize the filling of vessels with blood, various drugs are used, which over time correct violations of the functionality of the blood flow.
They are made from natural substances, with the main ingredient being an extract, bovine prostate tissue. All drugs have a common mechanism of action:
- Decrease in the degree of inflammation;
- Increase in the general tone of the walls of the bladder;
- Reducing the possible occurrence of blood clots in the capillaries;
- Improving local circulation of blood, lymph;
- Reducing the volume of the prostate with developing hyperplasia.
Drugs are prescribed when:
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (adenoma);
- Chronic types of inflammation in the prostate;
- An acute form of prostatitis without an infectious basis is a non-specific developmental variant;
- For the preventive effect of the recurrence of the disease.
The duration of the total time of therapy, the option of administering drugs directly depend on the final diagnosis.
Frequently used tools
Many effective remedies are used to treat prostate problems. They improve the general condition of the body, relieve symptomatic manifestations, restore damaged prostate tissue. Medicines are prescribed exclusively by a specialist.
Drugs for the treatment of prostate in men always collect the maximum number of responses. There are no completely positive or negative among them - everyone expresses a personal opinion about finding the ideal drug for themselves. Most patients do not believe in the miraculous effect of dietary supplements, considering them to be widely advertised useless "pacifiers".
A good cure for prostatitis is what the attending specialist picked up after diagnostic studies, studying the patient's outpatient card, and the general impression of the general state of health. With protracted, chronic forms of pathologies, biologically active additives alone cannot be cured. For this category of patients, this is no longer possible.
Blind faith in folk remedies, their instant help, often leads to complications and transitions of inflammation of the prostate to adenoma or cancerous tumors. It is pointless to blame poor-quality medicines after prolonged alternative therapy.
Failures at the first attempts of therapy should not disappoint the afflicted - the necessary medication will definitely be found and the disease will be cured.