Drug treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland is considered the most effective. It can be started at any stage of the disease.
Drug therapy includes many drugs that treat prostatitis at home.
This includes drugs of tetracycline, penicillin types. Their purpose depends on the current form of the disease. The specialist also pays attention to the type of inflammation - relapse or exacerbation. The action of antibiotics is aimed at eliminating the infection. Use drugs in suppositories, ointments, tablets, injections.
NSAIDs (non-steroidal drugs)
The components of these drugs are diclofenac and ketaprofen. Used at the initial stage to relieve swelling, eliminate pain.
Preparations of this type relax the muscles of the urinary canal. They do not treat prostatitis, but eliminate the symptoms caused by the inflammatory process.
Medicines relieve pain. The muscles of the perineum after taking this type of medication are smoothed and relaxed. Also at home, urination is normalized.
Appointed in order to soothe muscle tissue, muscles. Experts recommend that men take analgin twice a day - in the morning and at bedtime.
Macronutrients and vitamins
In the treatment of prostatitis, the immune status is important. If the immune system is lowered, the symptoms may be more severe. Vitamins and necessary elements are important for the male body.
Zinc. It can be purchased at a pharmacy. It is a natural immunomodulator. Men of mature age almost always lack zinc. Deficiency of this necessary element can lead to problems of the urethra. Zinc is also found in foods (red meat).
Vitamin A. With drug therapy, the doctor always prescribes vitamin A. It helps to restore the prostate, normalize testosterone synthesis. It is found in pumpkin and eggs.
These drugs normalize the functioning of the genitourinary system.
What else to take with prostatitis
Treatment of prostatitis is most often based on medication. They are effective, but in any case, the duration of treatment will be at least a month. Sometimes it takes about a year to treat prostatitis, since a neglected disease can go to third-party organs of the genitourinary system.
The doctor prescribes not only antispasmodics and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Antidepressants and hormonal drugs are also considered. The former are needed to support the nervous system of men, because when they hear the diagnosis of "prostatitis", they begin to worry, complexes appear about their insolvency. It is better to eliminate the pronounced symptoms of prostatitis at home with the help of high-quality drugs, since the nervous system in men at this moment is prone to psychoses and neuroses.
Hormonal drugs prescribed by a doctor correct the hormonal background in men. Inflammation of the prostate significantly "kills" the entire genitourinary system. Therefore, it is important to seek medical help in time and start treatment (take medication).
Drug treatment of an inflamed prostate should be comprehensive. Two or three drugs with different actions are prescribed. Each of them affects certain functions. After the first dose of the medicine, it is already possible to observe a decrease in pain, burning in the perineum. A week later, the man notices that his night's sleep after the initial prostatitis treatment has become more restful.
Treatment is based on antibiotic therapy. Based on the man's complaints and his medical history, the urologist draws up a regimen for taking drugs that will make life easier for the man as quickly and gently as possible.
Any medication for prostatitis can be treated at home. For some medicines, the doctor writes a prescription, the rest can be purchased freely. Treatment at home has a beneficial effect on the course of the disease. The main thing for men is to take the pills on time, follow all the doctor's recommendations.
Antibiotics for the treatment of chronic and acute prostatitis in men
Inflammation of the prostate is often caused by sexually transmitted infections. Accordingly, drug therapy is based on the use of antibacterial agents. Basically, the patient is offered anti-inflammatory therapy, which will destroy the root cause of prostate infection. Treatment of acute and chronic prostatitis is fundamentally different. Adaptive and competent treatment can only be prescribed by a qualified urologist who knows the patient's history.
What antibiotics exist for the treatment of prostatitis in men, what characterizes the course of the disease in chronic prostatitis, a list of effective drugs for prostatitis, you will learn in this article.
Antibiotics for prostatitis in men: the role of drugs
Most men think that prostatitis is very difficult to treat, and drugs adversely affect the state of the body as a whole. In part, this is true if the disease is not treated in time. Acute prostatitis can be treated for up to two weeks, chronic with untimely treatment 14-28 days.
The role of antibiotics in the treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland is huge. According to statistics, in 95% of cases, prostatitis is caused by an infection (virus, bacterium). It is the antibiotic that can destroy the pathogenic microflora. Basically, when diagnosing a disease, antibiotics of a narrow group are prescribed. If the doctor could not establish the root cause of the disease, then for a start, the patient is prescribed a broad-spectrum remedy.
The antibiotic helps to inhibit the pathogens that caused inflammation. It should be noted right away that such drugs really affect the functioning of the liver, kidneys, and heart. It is for this reason that it is worth first undergoing a detailed examination of the body, and then prescribing therapy.
Along with antibacterial treatment, the doctor without fail prescribes a vitamin complex for better functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys, since antibiotics have a lot of side effects.
But with the right course, you can cure prostatitis without loss and not acquire new pathologies.
Antibiotic treatment of chronic prostatitis: how to start therapy
Of course, the treatment course begins with the diagnosis. Why can't you self-medicate? The nature of inflammation of the prostate can be different. Infections are also different. Inflammation of the prostate can be caused by:
- Escherichia coli;
- Staphylococci, gonococci, chlamydia (venereal microorganisms);
When diagnosing, the patient is invited to undergo a PCR examination. It helps to establish which pathogenic microbe led to inflammation. And only after identifying it, antibiotic therapy of a narrow profile is prescribed, and in particular the drug to which the detected bacteria are most sensitive.
The urologist also additionally prescribes a blood test, urine test, the patient should take a bakposev, etc. Only after a well-conducted diagnosis, antibacterial drugs are selected that locally affect the root cause of the causative agent of inflammation. After all, today there are a lot of drugs of the antibacterial group, which we will discuss later.
Treatment of prostatitis with antibiotics: how to treat
Antibiotics are the most effective means in the fight against prostatitis.
Taking this kind of medication, the patient may feel relief the very next day, because the drugs quickly act on the affected focus, relieve swelling, lower the temperature, and improve urination.
But do not forget about some rules that should not be neglected in the treatment of diseases with antibiotics:
- You can not interrupt the course of treatment. Orders must be followed until the last day. Many men, feeling better for 5-7 days, refuse to take pills. In this case, the patient is guaranteed a relapse;
- If the selected antibiotic does not alleviate the condition on the third day, you should immediately contact your doctor to replace the drug with another one. The advantage of antibiotics is that the result of treatment is visible almost from the first days of taking the course;
- If the patient seeks a second course of treatment for prostatitis, then the previously prescribed antibiotic can no longer be used. Therefore, it is worth remembering the names of medicines in order to provide the correct information.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis is not an easy task, because you need to choose the right antibiotic that will most intensively affect the desired pathogenic microorganism. We provide a list of drugs that contribute to the speedy recovery of the patient.
Preparations for the treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis
Widespread urological diseases among men over 30 years old are inflammation of the prostate gland and benign hyperplasia. The inflammatory process that captures the tissues of the gland is called prostatitis, and hyperplasia, the growth of gland tissues, is called adenoma. Often, one patient can be diagnosed with both prostate adenoma and prostatitis. Prostate adenoma puts pressure on the urethra and ejaculatory canal, as a result of which inflammation develops. In addition, the enlarged prostate compresses the rectum, due to which the patient encounters difficulties in emptying the intestines, and long-term constipation occurs.
Selection of drugs for the treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis
A urologist deals with diseases of the male reproductive system. The inflammatory process in the prostate gland is a serious and painful disorder that, without treatment, becomes chronic. Chronic prostatitis is more difficult to treat than acute prostatitis, so it is in the patient's interest to immediately consult a doctor. Adenoma tends to increase with age, the tumor grows especially actively after 45-50 years. Adenoma and associated prostatitis cause:
- violation of the outflow of urine;
- frequent urge to urinate, including at night;
- imperative urge to urinate, involuntary urination;
- pain during ejaculation;
- decreased potency, impotence;
- urinary retention;
- feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder;
- fecal retention;
- blood in the urine;
- smell of urine from the mouth;
- violation of defecation, constipation;
- lack of appetite.
The severity of symptoms depends on the size of the tumor and the intensity of the inflammatory process. If the inflammatory process begins to spread up the urinary system, cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys) occur. This results in kidney failure. You should approach your health with all responsibility, because prostatitis and adenoma are accompanied by painful and unpleasant symptoms. For treatment, you can not use any folk methods, only the help of a professional doctor will help to cope with these diseases without consequences. It is the attending physician who is aware of the entire medical history of a particular patient should select the drugs. The dosage and duration of the course of administration is calculated individually.
An integrated approach to the treatment of prostatitis and adenoma
Benign prostatic hyperplasia and concomitant inflammation are widespread among men over 40 years old, therefore, for preventive purposes, it is recommended to undergo an examination by a urologist once a year, and after 60 - once every six months. Thus, it is possible to notice prostate adenoma in a timely manner and monitor its development in dynamics. Before prescribing drugs for the treatment of prostatitis and prostate adenoma, you need to do:
- transrectal ultrasound examination of the gland;
- analysis for prostate specific antigen (PSA).
The urologist also evaluates:
- volume of residual urine;
- urine flow rate.
The patient's complaints and his general condition must be taken into account. Prostatitis with adenoma in most cases is not infectious, but is caused by stagnant processes in the prostate gland. Therefore, the sooner the growth of adenoma is stopped, the faster prostatitis will pass. Treatment can be conservative or surgical. The final decision can only be made by a doctor who sees the whole clinical picture. An acute inflammatory process in the tissues of the prostate can cause a serious deterioration in the patient's condition, severe pain and loss of working capacity.
Conservative treatment consists in the simultaneous use of urgent and long-term drugs:
- rectal suppositories with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect;
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitors;
- laxatives to facilitate bowel movements;
- diuretics to improve the outflow of urine and prevent cystitis and pyelonephritis;
- antispasmodics to relax smooth muscles;
- muscle relaxants to reduce pelvic floor muscle tension;
- microclysters with anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs;
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in tablets or injections;
- non-narcotic or opiate painkillers.
Each group of drugs of urgent action has many names, it is up to the doctor to select the treatment. You can not treat prostatitis and prostate adenoma on your own, as these are serious and dangerous diseases. All drugs that act quickly, such as painkillers, do not affect the cause of the disease and do not help reduce benign hyperplasia. Prostatitis can be eliminated only if it is possible to normalize the volume of the prostate gland. In severe cases, hospitalization and a catheter to drain urine may be required. With the rapid growth of adenoma and with progressive urinary retention, you need to agree to surgical treatment. One of the dangerous complications of adenoma and prostatitis is difficulty in defecation. As a result of secondary absorption of urine and feces, the patient receives intoxication, normal metabolism is disturbed. Therefore, the priority areas of treatment are the normalization of defecation and urination, pain relief and removal of the inflammatory process.
How to eliminate adenoma and prostatitis?
The sooner the patient begins therapy, the faster and easier it will be to make progress in recovery. There are 2 groups of drugs for the treatment of prostatitis and prostate adenoma that have a long-term effect:
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.
These medicines have side effects and contraindications. Therefore, you need to inform the urologist about all existing chronic diseases and other drugs that the patient is taking.
The key task of treatment is the normalization of urination. The outflow of urine is affected by an increase in the size and increased tone of the smooth muscles of the prostate gland. Alpha-blockers make sympathetic nerve endings less sensitive to adrenaline and norepinephrine. In patients suffering from prostate adenoma, the activity of nerve fibers is increased, which provokes spasm and tension of the smooth muscles surrounding the prostate.
The use of alpha-blockers allows you to achieve the following results:
- relaxation of the neck of the bladder;
- relaxation of the muscles of the prostate;
- decrease in resistance to urine flow;
- free passage of urine through the prostatic urethra.
Alpha-blockers have a cumulative effect, it takes 2-4 weeks to alleviate the patient's condition. In medicine, these drugs are also used to lower blood pressure, so side effects from taking them include:
- decreased performance, fatigue.
In total, there are more than 60 names in this group of drugs. The choice of a specific drug is carried out by the attending physician, taking into account the general state of health of the patient. Therapy is prescribed for a very long course, in some cases for life.
5-alpha reductase inhibitors
The second task of drug treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis is to stop the growth of the tumor. Prostate tissues increase with the participation of testosterone. 5-alpha reductase is an enzyme that chemically converts testosterone into another hormone, dihistestosterone. Digistestosterone has a stronger effect on androgen receptors in prostate tissues. An inhibitor is a substance that prevents a chemical reaction in its entirety by capturing one of the active enzymes. Inhibitors of 5-alpha reductase partially neutralize digistosterone, which leads to a decrease in the growth rate of adenoma. Long-term use of drugs gives the following results:
- the size of the adenoma stabilizes, and then begins to change downward;
- urine outflow is normalized;
- the inflammatory process in the prostate gland is eliminated.
To achieve a pronounced effect, it is necessary to use 5-alpha reductase inhibitors for at least 3-6 months. Most often they are prescribed to patients with a prostate volume of more than 30-40 ml. Side effects that are possible from the reproductive system due to lack of testosterone:
- decreased quality of erection;
- erectile dysfunction;
- ejaculation disorder;
- decrease in the volume of seminal fluid during ejaculation.
As clinical experience shows, all side effects are either eliminated or become less intense after the first year of using the drugs.
The urologist will help you choose the most appropriate option for each patient. If side effects occur, you should discuss your well-being with your doctor so that you can adjust the dosage or course of treatment. Patients with prostate adenoma and prostatitis have an increased risk of developing cancer of the gland, so they should be treated in a timely manner and visit a urologist every six months for a preventive examination.