Prostatitis tops the list of common male diseases. It develops as a result of inflammation of the soft tissues of the prostate gland. The disease affects the well-being of a man and the quality of his intimate life. There are many traditional ways to treat the disease. But experts do not stop discovering new things in the treatment of prostatitis. Modern techniques allow you to cope with the problem quickly and without consequences for health. An integrated approach is considered a prerequisite for successful treatment.
Modern methods of treatment of prostatitis
In most cases, prostatitis is diagnosed in the later stages, when it becomes chronic. The basis of treatment is the use of antibacterial agents and nonsteroidal drugs with analgesic effect. In complicated cases, alpha-blockers are selected for a man.
For the greatest effectiveness of treatment, other methods of influencing the prostate gland are also used. In recent years, a lot of new things have appeared in the treatment of prostatitis.
Physiotherapy procedures are in particular demand:
- radiofrequency therapy;
- electrical stimulation;
- balloon dilatation of the urethra;
- laser treatment;
- ozone therapy.
Modern methods of treating prostatitis are focused on improving blood circulation in the genital area. Due to this, stagnant processes that contribute to the inflammatory process in the prostate are eliminated.
Procedures can be performed both in the hospital and on an outpatient basis. Treatment of chronic prostatitis is carried out taking into account concomitant pathologies and individual characteristics of the body.
Laser therapy is a procedure that involves the use of a powerful beam of light that heats up an area of the skin surface. Due to this, metabolic processes in the cells of the prostate gland are improved and the process of regeneration of the affected areas is accelerated.
The procedure is carried out not only for the treatment of prostatitis, but also for preventive purposes.
Contraindications to the procedure include:
- acute form of the disease;
- oncological formations;
- acute pathologies of the respiratory tract.
The procedure for restoring the function of the prostate gland with the help of laser exposure has both negative and positive sides. The disadvantages include a high risk of burns and a violation of the testosterone production process.
The advantages of the method include:
- short recovery period;
- low likelihood of complications;
- relapse prevention;
- strengthening of blood vessels in the pelvic area.
Over the age of 65, laser therapy for prostatitis is not performed.
Radio frequency thermal therapy is widely used in the treatment of various diseases. In medicine, it has a second name - thermotherapy. The energy of radio frequency radiation produces heating of the deep layers of the skin.
This allows you to achieve the following effect:
- elimination of painful sensations;
- removal of puffiness;
- expansion of blood vessels;
- tissue oxygenation.
In the treatment of the prostate gland, radiofrequency therapy is used to limit the destruction of organ tissues. It allows you to release the urethra from the pressure of the edematous prostate.
As a result of this, the function of urination is normalized in a man. In 75% of cases, improvement in well-being is observed within 3-4 weeks of treatment.
The procedure is carried out on an outpatient basis, under the supervision of medical personnel. The general course of treatment includes 3-10 visits to the physiotherapy room. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes. After it is carried out, the patient is under the supervision of doctors for at least an hour. The doctor selects the treatment regimen individually.
During electrical stimulation, muscle contraction occurs, due to which prostate tissues are released from toxic substances and stagnant fluid. The purpose of the procedure is to reduce the volume of the prostate due to the influence of low frequency electric current.
During the treatment session, a catheter equipped with electrodes is inserted into the urethra. The patient at this moment lies on his back, bending his legs. The doctor directs the current strength manually, focusing on the well-being of the man.
If the procedure is performed endorectally, then the rectum is previously released. With malignant formations of an abscess and an acute form of the disease, treatment is not carried out.
The result of electrical stimulation is as follows:
- elimination of painful sensations;
- normalization of blood circulation;
- increased erection;
- restoration of urinary function.
One of the newest methods of treatment of prostatitis is ozone therapy. It is the process of introducing ozonized isotonic sodium chloride solution into the rectal opening. The optimal concentration of ozone is 2. 0 µg/ml. The course of treatment includes from 12 to 15 procedures.
Ozone therapy is combined with antibiotics and prostate massage. When using this method of treatment, a significant improvement in well-being was noted by 93% of patients. The procedure is used not only as an addition to the main drug therapy, but also as an independent treatment.
Balloon dilatation of the urethra
Modern treatment of prostatitis with the help of balloon dilatation of the urethra helps to eliminate the symptoms of the pathological process. The main advantage of the procedure is the absence of pain. In some cases, an ultrasound examination is done during it.
The procedure involves the introduction of an endoscopic tube into the urethra, at the end of which there is an inflating balloon. With the help of it, the lumen of the urethra expands.
In complicated cases, this method of treatment is combined with stenting. A special cylinder is placed in the area of the urethra, which prevents the reverse process of narrowing.
What is vacuum therapy?
Vacuum restoration of the prostate involves the use of a special device. The disadvantages of vacuum therapy include the lack of impact on the root of the problem. The device eliminates only the symptoms of the disease. Therefore, it is recommended to use it in conjunction with medical treatment or surgical methods.
Contraindications to the procedure include:
- diseases of the circulatory system;
- psychological problems;
- acute form of the disease.
Vacuum therapy is aimed at bringing the penis into an erect state. The device used during the procedure ensures blood flow to the small pelvis, which normalizes the functioning of the prostate gland.
The principle of the effect of vacuum therapy on the male body is as follows:
- The penis is placed in the pump cylinder, after which all the air is pumped out of it.
- Blood rushes to the small pelvis, bringing the penis into a state of erection.
- The compression ring is transferred to the base of the penis.
- Air is drawn into the pump and then removed from it.
How does thermotherapy affect the treatment of prostatitis?
Heat therapy is considered a gentle way to influence the prostate gland. Compared to drug treatment, it is more effective, but does not lead to such complications that surgery can cause. To create and maintain a certain temperature, laser, microwave or radio frequency energy is used.
The procedure allows you to quickly and seamlessly destroy the pathological cells of the prostate gland.
Heating of prostate tissues can be superficial or deep. With its help, the organs of the genitourinary system are sanitized, and the conditions for drug therapy are improved.
The result of the treatment is as follows:
- optimization of local metabolism;
- increased local immunity;
- increased arterial and capillary blood flow;
- increasing the permeability of cell membranes.
Thermotherapy belongs to the group of minimally invasive procedures with a high degree of efficiency. It is not used as a primary treatment. Most often, thermotherapy enhances the effect of drug therapy.
The principle of exposure depends on the temperature regime used during treatment:
- At a temperature in the region of 45 ° C, pathological cells are destroyed, but healthy ones are not affected.
- In the range from 45°C to 70°C, necrotic changes occur in the tissues of the prostate gland.
- When the temperature reaches 100°C, the volume of the inflamed organ decreases.
Despite the high efficiency of the procedure, it is not carried out in all cases. This is due to the high likelihood of complications.
These include hematuria, bladder spasms, dysuria, and pain in the urethra. The procedure is prohibited for blood diseases, mental disorders and wearing pacemakers or joint prostheses.
New drugs for prostatitis
The pharmaceutical market tends to be constantly updated. In recent years, there have been many medications for the treatment of prostatitis. The drugs are characterized by rapid penetration into the tissues of the prostate gland and a cumulative effect.
Treatment of prostatitis in men requires a lot of strength and patience. It is much more difficult to treat the disease than to take preventive measures in time. There are drugs that normalize the work of the prostate gland, thereby preventing the development of the inflammatory process.
It is strictly forbidden to take medications for prostatitis without a doctor's prescription.
Latest news about new ways
As a result of recent studies by American scientists, it was found that cancer cells are able to adapt to the conditions that are created in the body during drug treatment. Therefore, it is very important to use new methods to combat the disease.
Prostate cancer is most often treated with a special drug. Despite its effectiveness, it causes minimal harm to healthy cells of the male reproductive system.
Additionally, hormonal preparations are used:
- Antiandrogenic drugs are used for androgen blockade in combination with pituitary hormones.
- Gonadotropins are necessary to reduce the concentration of testosterone.
- Pituitary-like drugs block the production of sex hormones.
The latest experimental methods of treatment also include virotherapy. It involves the use of modified viruses that eliminate cancer cells. A prominent representative of this category of drugs is ECHO 7 Rigvir. During its use, the restoration of the body's immune defenses is observed.
Every year there are more and more drugs for prostatitis. Before using pills in the fight against the disease, you should consult a doctor and undergo an extended examination of the body. Only in this case, therapeutic therapy will be as productive as possible.